TechnologyArtificial Intelligence's Impact on the Modern World: What is...

Artificial Intelligence’s Impact on the Modern World: What is the Road Ahead?

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We are at the beginning of the 21st Century, only witnessing 22 years out of 100 years. Yet we have advanced way more than our ancestors in the past 2000 years. Thanks to the development of infinite amounts of tools with a wide variety. Some of them are revolutionary, while others are just complementary.

However, in the entire course, some tools were powerful enough to challenge human civilization. It might sound bizarre, but it will sound reasonable once demonstrated. Artificial intelligence is one of those tools developed by humans to assist humans with artificial brains. However, it is becoming a challenge for humans. To understand all of it, we have to understand the beginning, and in this case, it is Artificial Intelligence (AI). Then what is AI?

In simple terms, AI is a way to create computers and other machines that can think, learn, and act like humans. It involves creating systems that can process and analyze large amounts of data, recognize patterns, and make decisions based on that information.

AI is currently implemented in various fields, from language translation, image, and facial recognition to driving a car (Tesla was the pioneer of it). However, there was a time when AI was just an imaginary concept; then, how did it become what it is today?

Well, here is the answer.

History of AI

Artificial intelligence (AI) has been around for centuries, with roots dating back to ancient Greek mythology, where the myth of Pygmalion described a sculptor who created a statue that was so lifelike that it came to life. However, the field of AI as we know it today began to take shape in the 1950s, with the development of the first electronic computers and the formulation of artificial intelligence as a discipline.

One of the earliest and most influential ideas in the field of AI was the concept of a “thinking machine,” which was proposed by Alan Turing in his 1950 paper “Computing Machinery and Intelligence.” In this paper, Turing proposed a test, now known as the Turing test, that could be used to determine whether a machine could exhibit intelligent behaviour.

In the 1950s and 1960s, researchers began to explore the use of computers for tasks that required human-like intelligence, such as natural language processing, problem-solving, and decision-making. This period saw the development of the first AI programs and the establishment of the first AI research laboratories.

In the early years of AI research, scientists focused on creating programs that could perform specific tasks, such as playing chess or solving mathematical problems. These early AI programs were limited in their capabilities and could only perform the tasks they were specifically designed for.

The field of AI experienced a resurgence in the 1980s and 1990s, leading to significant advancements in machine learning and natural language processing. These developments paved the way for the creation of intelligent personal assistants, such as Apple’s Siri and Amazon’s Alexa, and the development of autonomous vehicles and other AI-powered technologies.

Story of Struggles in Development

Artificial intelligence has recently become something more than just helping humans. In fact, in the big picture, it is creating jobs and value losses to the greater society. Wait…What? Well, to clarify it, let’s get into the current usage of AI.

How are the pictures on this site? Is it good or bad? Well, whatever your response is, what is vital about this picture is AI generates it. 

And it is a bit concerning because AI is getting creative works in a matter of seconds, affecting the profession of creative painters and designers. The famous YouTuber Marques Brownlee recently made a video analyzing the same topic in a multifacet way. 

The entire video actively showcased how professionals face a drop in opportunities for artists and graphic designers because of image-generating AIs (e.g. DALL.E).

Not stopping here, AI has the potential to automate a variety of processes, which could lead to job displacement. But how would it happen? Here are two ways of it.

  1. Automation: AI can be used to automate tasks that humans currently perform. This will lead to job displacement in industries where those tasks are prevalent.
  2. Job augmentation: AI can be used for outsourcing tasks. However, it will reduce the human outsourcing market, thus reducing employment.

The article talks about the risk of Artificial Intelligence and takes job losses into account primarily; however, the article discussed more the risk of AI utilization than the AI itself. The job losses can be tracked down from various AI tools available. Take this video into account and predict what jobs will be automated by these tools.

 

Artificial Intelligence: Rulechanger

While one can argue about the setbacks we will face because of artificial intelligence, a good chunk of experts have claimed that artificial intelligence will be a rule changer instead of a game changer because artificial intelligence is just a tool and what matters is the utilization of it, not the tool itself. 

Moreover, the jobs will not be destroyed. Instead, they will be replaced by this tool because we need someone to manage the tool itself. That is what the future of artificial intelligence is going to be. We will witness the transformation of jobs from low-skill sets to high ones. Thus many claims that AI will transform jobs, not consume jobs.

But why so? Well, currently, artificial intelligence is under development machine learning is also not developed to its fullest capacity yet. The machines are still learning and utilizing the available data. Because of it, AI requires a mentor for guidance, and that mentor can only be a person with the skill to guide AI, transforming jobs.

Artificial intelligence’s impact on the economy’s productivity is under the cloud because there are many varied views on AI and its impact on production. Therefore it is safe to say that it would be too soon to predict the impact.

But if that was the case, why is there resistance to it?

Artificial Intelligence: A Threat

To answer the question, let me give you a counter-question: “What will happen when Artificial intelligence will start learning to learn on its own?”

This question is the root cause of all the dreads.

Danger sign for Artificial Intelligence threats
Photo by Mikael Seegen/unsplash

Stephen Hawking puts his concern about AI in this way.

“Whereas the short-term impact of AI depends on who controls it, the long-term impact depends on whether it can be controlled at all.”

To be more simple about his concern check, we can summarize it in this way. When an advanced AI changes itself without any exterior help, it will give bio such an AI that will destroy the knowledge and creativity of humans.

The possibility itself isn’t far-fetched, and with every next day, we are slowly approaching it. It can be explained by the chat GPT launched by Open AI. The software is a chatbot that generates responses to user messages in a way similar to how a human would respond. It is based on an analysis of data available on the Internet.

The hard part about it is chat GPT can produce the results entirely original with high accuracy, from code to creating assignments and short stories. Moreover, the ability of AI to create something new is already here; it wouldn’t be far in the future when AI develops itself to be better without any humans.

Nevertheless, all of it was catalyzed in recent times only because, in the past, AI appeared to be a white elephant because of the following:

  1. Lack of data: AI systems often rely on large amounts of data to learn and improve their performance. However, it isn’t easy to find and access the right data, especially if it is sensitive or proprietary. Furthermore, if the data they are trained on is biased or unrepresentative. This can lead to poor or discriminatory results.
  2. Cost: Developing and implementing AI systems can be expensive and a barrier for some organizations.

It makes AI a bad deal as the technology wasn’t up to the mark as it should be. However, thanks to the recent development of powerful processors, the internet boom and digital clouding AI are now booming and gaining funding daily.

Image of Artificial Intelligence Among Masses

AI was first imagined in ancient Greek mythology. However, it exists today. Moreover, the imagination about AI isn’t stopped. Instead, it is booming, especially in movies. Perhaps the imagination of humans is here to take the blame; funny how accurately we can imagine.

In their movie Matrix, Lana Wachowski and Lily Wachowski have shown how robots dominated humans without letting them know through the simulation world. Tamil director S Shankar in his movie Enthiran has shown the world where a robot can build other robots by setting a hierarchy. This is quite similar to the concept Stephen Hawking was concerned about. And in that movie, it is further shown how destructive that was.

However, they all used artificial intelligence/robots for entertainment; that’s why it’s natural to portray them in a bad light. But what about the entrepreneurs who have invested money in developing artificial intelligence? 

  1. Elon Musk: Musk has warned that AI could be more dangerous than nuclear weapons and has called for more technology regulation.
  2. Stuart Russell: Russell, a computer scientist and AI researcher, has warned about the potential for AI to be used for military purposes and has called for research into “friendly AI,” which is designed to be aligned with human values and goals.
  3. Jaan Tallinn: Tallinn, a co-founder of Skype and a leading AI researcher, has called for more research into the long-term impacts of AI and urged society to consider the technology’s potential risks and ethical implications.

These examples are a few of the many, all predicting the struggle and challenges of AI in front of society.

Reason for Struggle

The struggle between humans and artificial intelligence might seem inevitable, but will this struggle be to such an extent that we have to call that war? Well, before a clear answer, we first have to look at the factors which have catalyzed the development of artificial intelligence to an extent where we have to think about the war with them.

First, it would be increased computing power and powerful algorithms. The powerful processors and the availability of cloud platforms have made it possible to run AI at a scale. In addition, the data increase has also played a significant role. The COVID pandemic increases online time, availing more data for AI to learn. Furthermore, people’s laziness is most to take place because every individual wants their work done with minimum effort, thus an incentive for the AIs to grow.

Sure enough, as of trends now, all these reasons will only accelerate with time, making AI more and more powerful. Because of these reasons, the struggle between a self-created AI and human civilization will be inevitable. The data and its analysis will be the oil of the struggle. Nevertheless, the extent of the struggle would entirely depend on the future scenario. 

But there are some questions regarding that future struggle. Will that be like conventional war? Will robotic invasion will be a thing? Will we witness a real-life matrix? And so on.

The probable answer to all of it would be no. All of us are aware of the criticalities of artificial intelligence. Because, except for conspiracy theorists, everyone preserves a rational mind.

However, that doesn’t mean the struggle between human civilization and artificial intelligence wouldn’t exist. Rather than a conventional war or some science fiction movie or series, it will be more like a conceptual struggle where humans will where there will be a clash between preserving human efforts, traditional human society, and integration of artificial intelligence into a traditional human society where humans had to play a central role in the whole ecosystem.

Road Ahead

No matter what we say or what the world says about AI, we don’t have to forget that it is a piece of technology. It is an advancement of technology that was inevitable to occur. The majority of the fear around it is vain. 

We can compare it with the development of electricity in Europe. Initially, it was advertised as the incarnation of Satan on earth. However, with time society has integrated with it. The same happens with the Internet. 

Once upon a time, banks hired accountants specifically for maintaining charts. However, the Internet replaced them. We have to take artificial intelligence and data in the same way. However, we can’t neglect that artificial intelligence is far more revolutionary and advanced than electricity or the Internet.

Humas and Artificial Intelligence at peace
Photo by Andy Kelly/Unsplash.com

As famous individuals like Elon Musk, Warren Buffett, Bill Gates, and many others have said it continuously that artificial intelligence needs regulation because in the future, when we have to coexist with artificial intelligence in our society, there are there needs to be rules and regulations on it. Perhaps this is the safest method for integrating AI into our society.

If you liked this article, check out: ‘Financial Sector: Captivating Future With Fintech and More!’

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