NatureOne Million Species Extinct by 2050?

One Million Species Extinct by 2050?


Amphibians, birds, fish, invertebrates, mammals, plants, and reptiles have high chances of extinction. At least 1 million species will be extinct by 2050. The root cause of species loss includes hunting, clearing land for agriculture, and urbanization.

Earth is a unique place for animals in the food chain. Our many animals and birds have been endangered. Wildlife is a precious gift for this planet.

Reasons For Species Extinction

1. Ocean Pollution

Photo by Julia Joppien on Unsplash

Ocean pollution is a mixture of chemicals and trash that damages the environment and the health of an organism. Single-use plastics are the main reason for ocean pollution. When we visit rivers, oceans, and beaches, we throw plastic bottles and chips wrappers. Municipal corporation dumps the whole city’s garbage in rivers and oceans, harming marine life.

The report says there might be 50 times more microplastics in the sea by 2100.

Oil spills, littering, ocean mining, and chemical fertilizers also affect marine life. Crude oil lasts for years and is difficult to clean up. Sometimes, storms carry waste materials with them. Manufacturing industries release toxic waste into the ocean; sewage also contributes to ocean pollution.

Ocean mining disturbs the lowest level of the ocean. Drilling for cobalt, zinc, silver, gold, and copper creates harmful substance deposits deep inside the oceans. Excess nitrogen and phosphorous in seawater cause oxygen depletion. In search of food, marine animals eat plastics.

More than 80% of ocean pollution arises from land-based sources, and it reaches the oceans through rivers, deposition from the atmosphere, and direct dumping. Microplastics contain many toxic chemicals that make plastic flexible, colorful, waterproof, and fire-resistant.

2. Climate Change

Climate change is the change in the environmental conditions of the planet. Human activities have released a large amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouses gases into the atmosphere, which has changed the climate.
Photo by Malachi Brooks on Unsplash
The report says, by 2015, the average global temperature had warmed by over 1 degree since pre-industrial times. Farming, vehicles, oil drilling, and power-plant, are the main reason for climate change.
Living trees absorb and store carbon dioxide. We are continuously cutting green trees for our benefit, increasing the atmosphere temperature. Climate change is also because of human activity. An increase in intensive agriculture emits greenhouse gases like methane and nitrous oxide.
Rising sea levels, shrinking mountain glaciers, ice melting, and change in flowers and plants’ blooming times are all because of climate change. Building damage, expensive home loans, increase in the cost of electricity, rising taxes, high health risks, low quality of water, and variety of food are all effects of climate change.

3. Overfishing

The report clearly states that overfishing puts more than one-third of all rays, chimeras, and sharks at risk of extinction.

Photo by Riddhiman Bhowmik on Unsplash
Millions of people depend on fishing for their livelihood. Overfishing occurs because many fish are caught, and the reproduction rate is low. Catching too many fish is a profitable practice, but it endangers ecosystems and affects life in oceans.
A few species of fish have more demand, making targeted species extinct. Increasing human demand, subsidies, poor management of fisheries, and lack of protective regulations are the causes of overfishing.
The government tries to provide training and scientific materials to local universities and enforces agencies to support fishing practices. Fisheries make critical contributions to the development and generate employment opportunities.

4. Urbanization

Urbanization is a process through which cities grow, and green plants are cut to build houses, schools, hospitals, and offices, from 56.2 percent of the global population today to 60.4 percent by 2030.

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Some species can disappear from recently urban space. Birds fly for food to alternative places, could die once the food isn’t on the market, and disappear. Land insecurity, tide quality, excessive pollution, sound pollution, and the downside of waste disposal all square measure because of urbanization. It conjointly changes the climate of a specific space. Fossil fuels have unevenly distributed and inflated carbon levels within the atmosphere.

Education could be a robust explanation for urbanization. Urban areas provide opportunities for seeking high-quality education. Moreover, urbanization offers opportunities for finding out at universities and technical faculties. Such handsome education opportunities attract several kids in rural areas to maneuver to urban areas.

Environmental degradation additionally plays a section in contributing to urbanization. Deforestation destroys the natural environment of many farming families. Moreover, mining and industrial growth also damage farming families’ natural environment.
The animal population is affected by toxic substances, vehicles, and habitat loss. Creating green spaces helps in urban planning. Urbanization decreases physical activity and healthy nutrition. An increase in the rate of pollution creates problems for birds’ survival and flies in search of an appropriate place. Infectious diseases and non-infectious diseases are increasing rapidly.
Biodiversity reduces when large areas of natural habitat are fragmented. A large amount of water, fertilizers, and food in urban areas provides the nutrients to increase the productivity of particular species. Some sensitive species were extinct locally.

5. Hunting

Hunting is an act of killing wildlife or animals for food or pleasure. It is the main reason for species extinction.

Photo by Seth Schulte on Unsplash

Hunting destroys the ecosystem and increases the population of particular species. Some species are hunted for sale. The increase in human pollution contributed to the high demand for food and other raw materials, encouraging hunting.

Before the agriculture event, searching was the necessary activity for man to get food. Several animal species were changing into extinct due to giant-scale searching. Therefore, industrial searching is illegal in several countries to shield the scheme. Presently, several laws are being passed to conserve and shield the animals.

Most of our cosmetic products comprise animal products. The restaurant demands a large quantity of fish and meats from several animals. Tribes hunt animals for their traditional beliefs.

Several raw materials of products such as clothes, creams, medicines, and lipsticks are rooted in animals. They have very high economic value. Some are using it for decoration or expressing power and superiority. Tigers, polar bears, and jaguars are probed for high-quality fur. Leather shoes, bags, and belts comprise animal skin.

6. Deforestation

Tropical forests include dense forests, where rainfall is abundant year-round, and seasonally moist forests, where rainfall is abundant but seasonal and drier. Deforestation meets some human needs; it has devastating consequences, including the extinction of flora and fauna, social conflict, and climate change, challenges that are not local but global.

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Deforestation causes habitat destruction, increased risk of predation, and reduced food availability. It raises the temperature and air pollution.  The problem arises when natural fire increases frequently and intensely or grows out of control. As we burn fossil fuels, climate changes and unnatural fires are becoming more and more common. Fires destroy millions of hectares of forests yearly.

As the population increases around the world, demand for meat will increase. Farmers expand into antecedently wooded areas in search of fertile soil to meet enlarged demand. Additional land is cleared to fulfilling demand.

Deforestation is an economic drawback. It conjointly causes eroding, changes the landscape, and makes it more durable to seek food. It may affect weather and water convenience and increase the danger of natural disasters.

Deforestation reduces the ability of the remaining forest to withstand natural disasters. Without trees’ roots helping to minimize soil erosion, the risk of landslides increases. Animals may try to cross highways and might be hit by cars or go to farmland or towns were killed in self-defense. Habitat loss means biodiversity loss, and that means loss of food sources.

Species That Might Go Extinct By 2050

  1. Mountain Yellow-Legged Frog
  2. North Atlantic Right Whale
  3. Bees
  4. Polar Bears
  5. Sea Turtles
  6. Asiatic Cheetahs
  7. Bali Tiger
  8. Javan Tiger
  9. Caspian Tiger
  10. Eels
  11. Dolphins
  12. Porpoises
  13. Orangutans
  14. Koalas
  15. Rhinos
  16. Coral
  17. Snow Leopard
  18. Elephants
  19. Lemurs
  20. Cheetah
  21. Silphium
  22. Lepidodendron
  23. Calamities
  24. Cooksonia
  25. Rhynia
  26. Western Underground Orchid
  27. Pitcher Plant
  28. Jellyfish Tree
  29. Corpse Flower
  30. Wood’s Cycad
  31. The Golden Toad
  32. Adelie Penguin
  33. Staghorn Coral
  34. Orange-spotted filefish
  35. American Pika

Species Extinction Impact On

a. Humans

Species extinction may affect human lives. It would cause various psychological traumas. It creates misplacement in crop pollination, water purification, and spiritual and cultural aspects.

Photo by Thuyen Ngo on Unsplash

We all went through the horror of the Covid-19 pandemic. We think it is because of bats. Yes, but not because of bat soup or bat meat. In Wuhan, bats are declining rapidly. The virus present in bats now can’t find bats to survive, so they entered humans and other animals for survival. Then coronavirus spread widely.

Healthy diverseness is vital to human health. As species disappear, infectious diseases rise in humans and animals. The loss of species and habitats poses the maximum danger to life on Earth as temperature changes will. Agricultural activities conjointly contribute to human emissions of greenhouse gases. The most significant threats to nature square measure the exploitation of plants and animals through gathering, logging, hunting, and fishing.

A particular species is extinct, and also the population of alternative species rises, which damages the scheme. The animal that ate the new extinct species had to search out new food sources, which affected the population of alternative plants and animals. For example:
“If there are too several of any particular species, they’ll change the scheme because they destroy forests and carry disease.”

b. Nature

The main impact on nature is fresh air, fresh water, nutritious foods, climate change, drastic temperature changes, and the availability of medicines. It changes growth rate, pattern, effects on species distribution, interactions, ecosystem distribution, community structure, and composition.  Environmental degradation extends to land, coastal, ecosystem, and fisheries. Sea level rise causes salination of coastal land and freshwater and storm surges.

Photo by Filip Zrnzević on Unsplash
Other effects include degradation of water quality, odor problems, dissolved oxygen depletion, nutrient accumulation, heavy metal contamination, overgrowth of algae and aquatic macrophytes, accumulation of silt and organic matter, loss of aesthetic vibes, reduction in the catchment area of lakes, reduction of the groundwater table as water recharge capacity goes down.
A healthy system depends on plants and animals as their foundation. Once a species becomes vulnerable, it’s proof that the system is slowly falling apart. Every lost species triggers the loss of alternative species in its system.

The Possibilities

  • Seas rising
  • Ground collapses
  • Allergies get worse
  • Rivers melt sooner in spring
  • Increased plant production
  • Animals change behavior
  • Hurricanes get stronger
  • Lakes disappear
  • More rain but less water
  • Ice-free Arctic summers
  • A chilled planet
  • Worst mass extinction ever
  • Overwhelmed storm drains

How Can We Save Our Nature And Animals?

  1. Reduce, reuse and recycle.
  2. Cleanups in our community.
  3. Conserve water.
  4. Less use of plastics.
  5. Use long-lasting light bulbs.
  6. Use sustainable products.
  7. Plant trees.
  8. Less use of fuels.
  9. Less use of paper.
  10. Use the newer method of agriculture.
  11. Never buy animals from a pet shop.
  12. Avoid hunting.
  13. Avoid excess use of animal flesh.
  14. Use natural cleaners.
  15. Consider a more plant-based diet.
  16. Choose organic.
  17. Avoid leather products.
  18. Boycott fur.
  19. Choose non-animal fabrics.
  20. Join wildlife protection organizations.
  21. Recycle waste at home.
  22. Make compost from organic waste.
  23. Switch to eco-friendly appliances.
  24. Control invasive plant species.
  25. Donate to sustainable causes.


The organism is in danger of going extinct because humans destroy their natural habitat for development. We can save species by learning about endangered species, creating a backyard wildlife habitat, and minimizing the use of herbicides and pesticides. It saves fish, plants, and other wildlife from going extinct.
We have over 2 million species of organisms on the planet, and concerning simple fraction of 1,000,000 that carry on land don’t have the reassurance that their habitat would still host them long-term; they perpetually face the threat of extinction, and unless their environs get repaired, they will vanish in an exceedingly few decades. A similar may be the same for the ocean and aquatic habitat.
Warming could be a hostile force that we may contain; however, trying and doing this needs the efforts of each unit of humanity. The golden toad frog and different animals that have gone extinct may well be our fault. However, it’s our responsibility to shield the remaining ones. We can solely hope that future generations have the privilege to check what animals like plectognath and polar bears appear like.
Animals play an essential role in the system and biospheres that make life on Earth doable for humans. Animals offer friendly relationships, pleasure, service, conservation, and economic stabilization. Natural habitats of animals area unit destroyed for land and agriculture. It affects the organic phenomenon.
Sanjeeta laxmi Chandra
Sanjeeta laxmi Chandra
Sanjeeta is an a writer with a passion for exploring the unknown, whether it be through the lens of future events or through the realm of imagination. Since she began her writing journey in 2022, she has been honing her skills and finding joy in creating captivating stories and thought-provoking pieces. Along with her studies in commerce, Sanjeeta also has a fascination with science and fiction and loves incorporating these interests into her works. Sanjeeta hopes to share her love of writing with you and take you on an amazing journey through her words! Education: Commerce Student


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