What if, in a few decades or years, all of our planet’s continents merge into a massive continent like Pangea, which existed around 200 million years ago? What would occur if, as a result, all of the nations of the world, which are presently isolated from one another by large oceans, became neighbors? Imagine what the world would be like in such a case.
What effect would it have on the diplomatic ties between the two nations? Would it make our lives simpler, or would it also have a lot of unfavorable effects?
How Is It Even Possible?
The ground beneath us is in a state of continual movement. The planet’s crust is broken into tectonic plates, and all seven continents are located on these plates.
These plates are moving at speed undetectable to humans since they are floating in molten rock and moving at an extremely slow speed. Despite how slowly it moves, it has a big impact after one hundred million years.
In the course of Earth’s history, which spans four and a half billion years, the appearance of our planet’s continents has undergone numerous transformations. Sometimes they have merged into one another through collisions, and other times they have broken apart. They are currently in the process of inching their way toward another collision. So, they might one day suddenly pick up their speed and run straight into a supercontinent.
What Would the World Be Like Then?
The world would appear a lot different compared to how it normally is. Because of the dramatic shortening of many countries’ respective distances from one another, international travel would become a great deal less difficult. Additionally, individuals would reduce the prices that individuals pay for travel.
For instance, we could reach Australia from Asia in under an hour for a significantly lower flight cost if we took a flight. It was inevitable that Japan and Australia would collide. The Atlantic Ocean would no longer serve as a barrier between the two continents; instead, the Korean Peninsula and China would take their places as their new neighbors.
The collision between North America and western Africa would change the shape of the whole continent of Africa. We can walk from North America to Africa. If this scenario were to play out, the northern section of Africa would collide with Europe. The edge of the tectonic plates would cause a new mountain range the size of the Himalayas to form.
Therefore, as different countries become more and more connected with less distance, it is anticipated that trade between many countries will also become significantly simpler and more lucrative. Therefore, it is feasible that the world will become much more interconnected than it is at present.
Political Repercussions Having a New Continental Arrangement
There would be chaos all over the world if this ever happened. The nations considered to be competitors would move far closer than ever. These nations will now be required to increase protection along their borders.
They would increase the size of their armies by enlisting more people to maintain control over the distribution of power in that region. They would also desire to acquire as many weapons and missiles as possible. It may compel relatively tiny and powerless nations to compete for survival between two powerful competing powers. These countries were at odds with each other and always tried to hurt the weaker country’s sovereignty.
If all countries were so close, there would be more chances for terrorist attacks and other kinds of terrorist activity. Because of the dramatic shortening of distances between nations, terrorist organizations may now be able to carry out their operations more effectively.
In today’s interconnected globe, there is always the possibility that another state will annex a nation if its leaders are unable or unwilling to safeguard its national sovereignty. It has the potential to usher in a new age of colonization. It would mean that if all of the continents were joined back together, there is a possibility that each country would try to increase the area under their territory and would try to establish their domination over other countries to become the only superpower in that region.
Therefore, the strength of a country would be measured by the number of other countries it is capable of colonizing as well as the area under its influence. Therefore, if all of the globe’s continents were to be linked together, there is a potential that the entire map of the world as we know it now would see a significant transformation.
When all of the continents are brought together, there is the potential for one more difficulty to arise. The issue at hand is determining who would be able to exert authority and control over Antarctica. Antarctica will be included on our mainland when all continents are brought together like any other continent. Its previous isolation would be lifted. People living in some nations closer to the landmass included in Antarctica may even be able to walk to Antarctica.
There is the potential that the countries that are geographically close to Antarctica could even strive to include the continent in their territories. They might even attempt to divide Antarctica into many parts and distribute them among themselves. However, many different nations would make this claim of ownership of Antarctica. As a result, the ownership of Antarctica would become a contentious issue among many countries.
Since many countries would have new neighbors, the world’s regional politics as we know them today would change completely.
Greater Impact of Natural Disasters
Even though having every country live on the same supercontinent sounds interesting, it would have big effects on the world if it happened. If a natural disaster were to strike a single nation, its effects would not be confined solely to that nation alone. Other nations might also be affected. It is possible that it will have an effect on and spread to a great many countries.
For example, suppose a tsunami or earthquake strikes Japan. In that case, the effects may spread to other countries such as Australia, North and South Korea, China, and even some parts of Antarctica, resulting in a significant increase in casualties and property damage.
In addition, the eastern side of North America, Western Europe, and Africa would be at risk from earthquakes. The same may be said for the eastern part of our planet.
As a result, even if a catastrophic natural disaster occurs in one region of the world, it may affect the rest of our planet. It has the potential to have an explosive effect on our entire globe, and it even has the potential to bring our entire world to the brink of extinction.
Impact on Climate
It would have yet another significant effect if something brought all continents together. As a result of the countries’ no longer being in their original positions, there would be a significant shift in the weather patterns of practically all of the world’s regions.
It indicates that nations whose people were acclimated to living in certain conditions may suddenly find themselves living in severely frigid climates if global warming continues at its current rate. In addition, residents of countries accustomed to living in bitterly cold climates will find themselves forced to adapt to the weather patterns of places that are predominately dry.
It was even possible for us to foresee that areas formerly occupied by vast deserts would suddenly have the climate of mountainous regions and vice versa. Because they are located in an area that experiences high levels of precipitation, regions once prone to desertification may now be inundated. Consequently, there would be a shift in the weather patterns that prevailed everywhere on the planet.
Impact on Flora and Fauna
Since the weather patterns of the whole planet would change, plants and animals used to living in the weather conditions of their native habitats would suffer a lot. Because of changes in the weather in many countries, plants and animals used to living in hot, dry areas will have to learn how to survive in very cold temperatures, and vice versa.
At first, we could even anticipate the loss of many plants and animals due to their inability to adapt to the new climatic conditions. People might try to save these plants and animals by relocating them to locations with conditions more similar to their natural habitats. Still, this strategy is unlikely to be successful in the long run.
After a significant amount of additional time has passed, we can reasonably predict that the plants and animals in question will adjust to the new climatic conditions of their own volition.
Nonetheless, during those early days when it would link all continents together, humanity faced an additional challenge than anticipated. It is the issue that arises concerning the availability of food. A significant portion of the crops would perish because they would not be able to adapt quickly enough to the altered weather patterns. Because of this, there won’t be enough food for everyone in the first few days of this new continental system.
As a result, regions that were previously unable to cultivate crops may now become responsible for cultivating the world’s most important crops. And all regions that had been ideal for cultivating particular crops in the past would suddenly become unsuitable for cultivating those crops. Consequently, the entire structure of the world’s import and export markets would shift. The nations that were major rice exporters in the past will now have to import a significant amount of rice from other nations since other nations can now grow more rice.
Even parts of the world that have always had a lot of rain may suddenly have difficulty getting enough water. Places that used to get a lot of rain could now have a severe water shortage. Also, we could fix the problem of not having enough water in places that used to be prone to drought.
A significant portion of Antarctica’s ice sheets would also disappear if something moved the continent somewhere with a climate characterized by high temperatures and low precipitation levels. Because of this, there is a risk that the sea level will rise, which will, in turn, cause many coastal areas worldwide to be flooded. It would harm all of the other countries in the world and pose a significant threat.
Impact on Pollutant Levels and Global Warming
The new arrangement of the world’s continents could make the problems that the world is facing even worse. The world’s distances have shrunk a lot, which means that if one country pollutes the environment, it will have the same effect on the countries right next to it.
For example, if one country pollutes the air by burning many fossil fuels, the pollution could spread to nearby countries and harm their environment. If we cut down many trees in one country, the oxygen supply in countries close to that country would be affected.
If all countries are brought together in this new continental framework, and the space between them is decreased, the pollution and climate change problems could become much more severe.
There would be a critical requirement for stringent environmental rules and a powerful body that would enforce these regulations worldwide. People’s environmental organizations that are now in existence would now be required to take severe action against those who break their guidelines. It would have to be done to protect the whole world from the disastrous effects that pollution and global warming could have.
As a result, if all of the world’s continents were joined together in the future, our planet would be very different from what it is now. The political relations between nations would change. The climatic conditions of many countries would also change.
This change would greatly impact the plants and animals. However, traveling between countries would become a lot easier and more feasible than before. Trade between countries is also expected to increase.
But in the case of natural disasters and pollution, it can also impact all the countries similarly and simultaneously since the distance between them has been considerably reduced.